Mosquito bites are pretty annoying causing itching, irritation, and rashes besides transmitting diseases if any. Mosquitoes are flies like insects that suck blood from humans and other mammals, with the females acting like parasites. The females have needle-like mouths that penetrate human skin to draw blood and move from host to host or person to person. In this process, Mosquitoes transmit diseases from one person to another.
Mosquitoes are deadly parasites and are known to transmit several dangerous diseases to humans. Different species of Mosquitoes may transfer different diseases through their mosquito bites, they are famous transmitters of mosquito-borne diseases like Malaria, Dengue Fever, Chikungunya, West Nile Virus, Yellow Fever, Zika Virus amongst others.
Mosquitoes life cycle varies according to their species, and other factors such as sex and climate. They follow through 4 life phases namely egg, larva, pupa, and adult. The first 3 stages last from 5 days to 15 days and then as an adult, a mosquito may survive from a week to several months. During this time, mosquito bites several hundreds of people.
The Mosquitoes can live in diapause, or delay their adult growth so they wait for a warm climate to grow and then hatch eggs for the next generation. Usually, they might go for diapause in winter or dry months. Many species of female Mosquito can lay 100-200 mosquito eggs in a typical season, with a successful breeding pair of mosquito can produce a thousand Mosquitoes, thus explaining large swarms of Mosquitoes.
A mosquito can travel up to 1mph, in search of food or about 7 miles a night for bloodmeal for its mosquito bites. The Mosquitoes use several sensing abilities to find a reliable host for blood including heat, chemical, and visual means. The idea is to use blood as a protein source for egg production. Mosquitoes generally prefer blondes, Type O blood, smelly people, and the pregnant women. A mosquito may have 72 odor receptors on its antennae, out of which 27 or so may be used for detecting an odor from perspiration.
Preventing Mosquito Bites With Effective Mosquito Control
Prevention is better than cure, applies best when dealing with mosquito bites and the diseases that come with it. Disease or no disease it’s best to keep Mosquitoes at bay. One may ask how to prevent mosquito bites. A mosquito repellent can help you do the job. Mosquito repellents are a temporary solution that works for a certain period of time, a few hours to some days or weeks. Either they are local to the body or for the immediate surrounding area such as the room or the house.
Important points to note to prevent being bitten by Mosquitoes
- Mosquitoes like sweaty, dirty and smelly people, so you better stay clean and washed up.
- Don’t dab a lot of perfume as they get attracted to scents.
- Blondes attract Mosquitoes, so better bun up or cover the hair in situations where Mosquitoes are in abundance.
- Keep suitably dressed up to avoid getting bitten.
- Mosquitoes are most active at dawn or dusk. Avoid outdoors at such time.
- Keep away from standing water, don’t allow any water to stand on your property
- Lemony, lavender oils repel Mosquitoes.
One can make use of plants that repel Mosquitoes on their property. Plants such as Catnip, Lavender, Rosemary, Basil successfully keep Mosquitoes away. Catnip is up to 10 times more effective than DEET as a natural mosquito repellent. Use these plants at the sides of the doors and keep them close to windows to restrict Mosquitoes from entering the house. Use of insect screen doors or screen at windows keeps air coming but insects and Mosquitoes out.
One can use these plants inside as indoor plants for some time only as they may begin to die, another alternative is to place these plants indoors under a LED grow light, which would enable healthy growth. Different LED growth lights are available which are cheap and helps the plants to grow without the sun. Blue Rhone SkeeterVac (buy here) is a mosquito killer, that is a great long-term strategy to avoid and destroy mosquito farms on the property. It makes use of mosquito-attracting chemicals and sucks them inside to death.
Other chemicals such as mosquito spray and creams are only effective for an hour or so but can be used if going outdoors for a short period of time. There are permethrin treated clothes that repel Mosquitoes, US army uses them. Use of lemon eucalyptus oil is also very effective. It’s better to be safe than sorry.