New battery technology is the new wave of research that’s caught up recently in the past couple of years in the arena of rechargeable batteries. This is primarily because of two reasons. One is Tesla, whose cars have shown up the huge potential stored electricity has with good batteries and that just the tip of the iceberg. Secondly, every other day a new gadget comes up in the market which is more portable than before and uses battery power. Suddenly there is a big need for rechargeable batteries being small and much more powerful.
Since a long time, we have been dependent on Lithium ion batteries and they have catered to most of our requirements till recently. This currently used battery technology is outdated and has been in use since 1990’s. Over 70% of the market is dominated by Lithium battery where rechargeable batteries are used. But now the range of products that’s working on the rechargeable batteries is getting multifold, everyone seems to be jumping on the bandwagon.
Car companies, electronics companies, tech companies, universities to even governments are funding research that can find the next big discovery or a battery breakthrough that charges in seconds or minutes, lasts months or days at the very least and it should charge in the air without a cord preferably. The latest developments in battery technology seem to be flying in every direction with every possible option being explored. Here are the 5 most promising new battery technology news that holds the potential.
Lithium Air Battery – lithium air battery uses oxygen as an oxidizer instead of a material allowing the rechargeable batteries to be 5 times long lasting with 1/5th the weight and 1/5th the cost. Dallas University leads the research on this new battery technology and it’s about 5-10 years before any commercialization would happen. These are also known as lithium oxygen battery.
Graphene Battery – graphene battery could be the immediate future, with one company nearing commercialization after extensive testing which allows cars could go on a 500 mile trip on a single charge. This graphene battery charges about 30 times faster than lithium ion batteries. The power density of this rechargeable batteries is about 5-6 times of current lithium battery technology. The production could happen anytime in 2017.
Aluminum Air Battery – aluminum air battery is doing great in new research and under a few test conditions provided about 1000 miles trip on an electric car on a single car. With that kind of energy density and fast charging, the batteries are hopeful of making it to cars first. The battery uses oxygen from the air to oxidize and aluminum becomes aluminum hydroxide which can be recycled back to aluminum. So the batteries can be replaced every few months. The one created by Fuji Pigment has 40 times more power than Lithium Ion battery and can last 14 days depending upon usage. Due out this year, this is one of the most promising new battery technology for cars that is much awaited.
Solid State Batteries – MIT university in conjunction with Samsung is on its way to develop solid state batteries. These batteries do not have a liquid electrolyte which is the conductor of ions for their movement. This electrolyte liquid is very flammable and is responsible for all fire related incidents in lithium ion battery technology. The solid state batteries have about 30% more charge and hold out longer without carrying any much fire risk. There are hopes to see this battery technology adopted soon. Even Apple is said to support some kind of solid state battery technology. These have great potential for being an electric car battery.
Solid State Lithium Ion Battery – Soli state lithium ion battery is the next development that is currently awaited to go into full commercialization and has the automakers delving into it. The technology better power density with low discharge times. On tops of it, it charges in under 7 minutes and has an operating temperature range of -30 degrees celsius to about 100 degrees celsius. Car giant Toyota is actively pursuing it.
There is other new battery technology news floating around for rechargeable batteries like gold nanowire battery or the fuel cell battery, organic battery. The options are still plentiful and at this current stage, it is relatively difficult to say where the big breakthrough is going to happen. Let’s hope the best technology wins.